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In the current migration crisis, the terms “migrant”, “refugee” and less commonly “asylum seeker” are used daily to mean one and the same thing. Each term, however, has a distinct meaning that carries different international obligations and consequences. If conflated, it can mean the difference between life and death.
At its simplest, a migrant is someone who moves from one place to another in order to live in another country for more than a year
They are many reasons that people become migrants, but those who move to work or seek a better life are generally termed economic migrants. There are, however, also international students, those who move for family reasons and those who migrate because they are fleeing war and persecution. An individual case can be a mixture of all those things.
A refugee is a person who has fled armed conflict or persecution and who is recognised as needing of international protection because it is too dangerous for them to return home. They are protected under international law by the 1951 refugee convention, which defines what a refugee is and outlines the basic rights afforded to them.
The convention’s basic principle is that refugees should not be expelled or returned to situations where their life and freedom would be under threat. Once someone has been recognised as a refugee, they are supposed to be given access to social housing and welfare benefits and helped to find a job and integrate into society.
States are under international obligation to consider claims for asylum and not to immediately return asylum seekers to the countries they have fled from. The refugee convention states that they must be given access to fair and efficient asylum procedures and measures to ensure they live in dignity and safety while their claims are processed
During the day, these people (Migrant, Refugees and Asylum Seekers) scatter within the communities around the camp or reception centre begging for food and support. They are living in such a hard situation and most of them are with their children.
Joyful Hearts established different projects to do with those refugees and asylum seekers in their places because they still do not have anything to help themselves, so we have to create a sustainable environment for them.
The needs of those refugees and asylum seekers who are staying in the camp: