The population structure in Swaziland has changed as well, and women are estimated at almost 52% of total population. As a direct consequence of HIV/AIDS, many households are headed by women and others by orphans. Almost 14% of the population living in rural areas have become extremely poor.
The HIV/AIDS also weakens the human resources potential in Swaziland and its development. Recently the estimation of the Ministry of health proves that 26 of the population living in rural areas are infected. This scourge of HIV/AIDS has serious consequences: in the agricultural field; the HIV/AIDS reduces the available man-power and the public investments are reoriented from agriculture to health.
The causes of poverty in Swaziland are really numerous. First of all the population increase is not accompanied by a balanced agricultural productivity and this scarce the income. In addition, the agriculture in Swaziland is misplaced due to the high embossment and climate. Also the lack of modern agricultural innovations and equipments break the agricultural development in the country.
Finally the country suffers a lack of natural resources and has no access to the sea. As a consequence the cost of transportation is very high and the production difficulties reduce the chance for Swazis population to get income from agriculture.